“the first lady of the conservative movement,” Phyllis Schlafly led crusades against feminism, abortion, and communism from the 1960s until her death. She organized generations of conservatives behind her causes and reshaped the American political landscape. She was a highly productive speaker and writer, publishing over 27 books and a column that appeared in over 100 newspapers. She is best known for fighting the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was close to being ratified in the 1970s, but was blocked by her grassroots activism.